Crisis Counselling BPS304
A crisis is a period of transition in the life of the individual, family or group, presenting individuals with a turning point in their lives, which may be seen as a challenge or a threat, a "make or break" new possibility or risk, a gain or a loss, or both simultaneously. Most crises are part of the normal range of life experiences that most people can expect, and most people will recover from crisis without professional intervention. However, there are crises outside the bounds of a person's everyday experience or coping resources which may require expert help to achieve recovery. A crisis can refer to any situation in which the individual perceives a sudden loss in their ability to problem solve and to cope. These may include natural disasters, sexual assault, criminal victimisation, mental illness, suicidal thoughts, homicide, a drastic change in relationships and so on.
There are 9 lessons in this course:
- Understanding methods of crisis intervention What constitutes a crisis and methods of crisis intervention?
- Ethical, professional and legal issues Current ethical, professional and legal implications of crisis intervention.
- Dangers of crises and effective intervention Dangers posed by crisis to the individual, the counsellor, and those around them. Determining effective modes of intervention.
- Developmental Crises Recognising and comprehending crises from a developmental perspective.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder Symptoms, treatment options and possible outcomes of post-traumatic stress disorder.
- Violence and sexual assault Effects of violence and sexual assault on the individual, and possible modes of intervention.
- Crisis and drug addiction Determining the relationship between crises and drug dependence.
- Family crises Major issues raises in family crises and appropriate methods of intervention.
- Crises and cultural issues Cultural influences on crisis situations.
Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.
- Identify what constitutes a crisis and to discuss methods of crisis intervention
- Discuss current ethical, professional and legal implications of crisis intervention.
- Explain the dangers posed by crises to the individual, the counsellor and those around them during crisis intervention, and to determine effective modes of intervention.
- Identify and explain crises evolving from a developmental perspective.
- Explain the symptoms, treatment options and possible outcomes of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
- Describe the effect of violence and sexual assault on the individual and possible modes of intervention.
- Explain the relationship between crises and drug dependence.
- Discuss the major issues that arise in family crises and appropriate methods of intervention.
- Discuss cultural influences on crisis situations.
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